Improving environmental literacy to create change in poverty reduction and economic development

April 11, 2018
Improving environmental literacy to create change in poverty reduction and economic development

Resourced from ‘The World Bank’ – Link below


You may be asking yourself how can the environment mean change in poverty reduction? Well, as stated by The World Bank, ‘Without policies and action to address the climate challenge, an estimated 100 million more people will move into poverty by 2030’. Therefore, environmental income is a massive industry all around the world, especially for those in less developed countries.

For those that live off the land and live a sustainable life through doing activities such as growing their own food or farming, the impact of climate change would cause a catastrophic effect on their communities and families. With the future filled with such uncertainty, the world’s governments and organisations have the power through economic development to help reduce the world’s carbon footprint through creating new jobs and ultimately economic growth.

Air pollution costs money and lives. It is the forth largest risk factor for premature deaths and has six times more people dying from it than malaria each year. Although the deaths from air pollution mostly affect the young and elderly. Also can affect people in the work force causing lost labour income. As you can see in the diagram below, air pollution is a higher risk factor than alcohol, drug use and low physical activity combined.

The fishing industry is immense and causes a massive carbon footprint through the whole process of labour. One idea the World Bank supports is to dramatically lessen the production of fishing, ‘generate US$83 billion in additional benefits for fisheries.’ Through reducing the global fishing market,  the whole ocean ecosystem in the ocean can regenerate. Another solution is to manage massive and minor companies within the fishing industry that should obey all laws and actions in making a positive change in reducing their negative impact on the wildlife and earth. Furthermore, a cleaner ocean means the promise of health benefits through natural ways such as mangroves and other ocean vegetation.

Furthermore, eventually on our planet there will be nothing left to deforest and degrade. Even if new plants are planted and taken care for, it would take hundreds, even thousands of years to get forests, woods or any other landscape that is easily destroyed for materials. The future needs to lead to a hundred percent renewable energy in all areas. Although it is a costly and a long process, the benefits are massive and ultimately the only solution for the distant future. If it was decided to restore deforestation, the advantages would be endless from improving agriculture to helping reduce poverty to clean water and more oxygen. Most importantly, wildlife and natural wonders are a massive part of tourism in less developed countries such as Africa and some parts of Asia. The more deforestation that happens, leads to greater poverty and a great carbon footprint will be left on earth.


http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2017/04/22/earth-day-2017—five-facts-for-your-environmental-and-climate-literacy

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